In general, fat is removed via a cannula (a hollow tube) and aspirator (a suction device). Liposuction techniques can be categorized by the amount of fluid injection and by the mechanism in which the cannula works.The candidate and the surgeon will agree ahead of time on exactly which area(s) will be treated and both will discuss what outcome to expect
In all liposuction methods, there are certain things that should be done when having the procedure:
A consent form is signed on the day of surgery
An antibiotic will be given about an hour beforehand, or afterwards
The targeted areas are marked on the body while the candidate is in a standing position.
Sometimes photos will be taken of the area to be treated, so the patient will have before and after photos.
In the operating room, a sterilizing solution, such as Betadine, is applied to the relevant areas
If under local anaesthesia, local anesthetic is injected and the patient may be given a sedative, either orally or through an IV injection.
Incisions are small, about a quarter to a third of an inch.
There will probably bean IV fluid line, since he or she will be losing fluid with the fat and the fluid balance must be kept intact
There will be some monitoring devices attached to the body to keep track of the blood pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen level
The patient will feel only a scraping or rasping sensation from the cannula movement
Usually the patient can get up, walk around, and go home the same day if he or she did not receive general anesthesia.
The basic surgical challenge of any liposuction procedure is:
- To extract the right amount of fat
- To cause the least disturbance of neighboring tissue, such as blood vessels and connective tissue
- To leave the person’s fluid balance undisturbed
- To cause the least discomfort to the patient
As techniques have been refined, many ideas have emerged that have brought liposuction closer to being safe, easy, less uncomfortable, and effective. The marketing that goes on makes it hard for the consumer to determine truth from exaggeration.